週日. 五月 26th, 2019

戒菸趁年輕、活力健康保青春 藉助藥物事半功倍

【記者范家豪/屏東報導】 屏東基督教醫院戒菸門診今13日上午邀請屏東縣衛生局副局長張秀君與屏東大學學生於醫院一樓門診大廳共同呼籲青年學子,戒菸趁年輕,趁菸品對身體尚未造成大傷害前戒癮,避免健康換不回的遺憾。

▲屏基舉辦戒菸門診分享記者會。(圖/記者范家豪)

衛生局副局長張秀君致詞時首先分享她兒子受他老爸影響而戒菸的過程,她表示,目前屏東縣抽菸人口比例為19.2%,平均約5個人當中就有1個人有抽菸,縣轄內的戒菸點目前有162個,屏基戒菸門診這一年收案用藥141人,其中有9位女性,戒菸成功人數47人,成功率約達33%,可說是成效最良好的戒菸處所,張副局長呼籲:為了自己身體健康及不讓他人吸二手菸,有抽菸的癮君子應來參與戒菸門診,將菸徹底戒除可說是利人又利己之事,何樂而不為呢!

▲衛生局副局長張秀君致詞。(圖/記者范家豪)

根據國民健康署106年成人吸菸行為調查結果顯示,我國年輕男性的吸菸率,自18歲以後逐年攀升至51-55歲年齡層達最高峰;女性吸菸率也由18歲以後逐年攀升至36-40歲年齡層達最高峰。而在106年青少年吸菸行為調查結果中發現,青少年有多數好友吸菸的吸菸率高達近4成(國中生27.2%,高中職學生44.5%),是沒有或少數好友吸菸的學生吸菸率9倍以上(國中15.1倍,高中職學生9.7倍)。由此可見,年輕人在成長過程受朋友同儕的影響養成吸菸習慣。

▲林主任呼籲癮君子應善用多元戒菸服務資。(圖/記者范家豪)

目前就讀屏東大學企管系三年級的馮同學國中時因為覺得抽菸「與眾不同」而開始吸菸,去年在校園違規吸菸而被校護要求參加戒菸班,原本抱持應付的心態,沒想到接觸到菸害相關知識後,才真正了解吸菸對身體的傷害,進而服用戒菸藥物,服藥後,讓他胃口變差並且受不了菸味,徹底戒斷想要抽菸的慾望。如今成功戒菸已經五個月,馮同學覺得體力與精神都比戒菸前還要好,而且身上沒菸臭味,人際關係也變好了。

▲屏大企管系三年級的馮同學分享戒菸心得。(圖/記者范家豪)

從事海產批發36歲的吳先生也是從高中時期開始抽菸,每天至少要抽2至3包,因此出現長期咳嗽不癒的症狀,在家人督促下到戒菸門診求助,現在4個月沒抽菸咳嗽症狀已經減輕,只不過為了轉移菸癮,食量變大胖了5公斤。

▲從事海產批發36歲的吳先生分享戒菸心得。(圖/記者范家豪)

世界衛生組織國際癌症研究署(IARC)研究指出菸品與腫瘤、糖尿病、心血管系統疾病、呼吸系統疾病、消化系統疾病、腎臟疾病、意外傷害等7大類死因相關;會增加至少14種癌症的風險,可能直接引發的癌症包括肺癌、口腔癌、咽頭癌、喉頭癌、膀胱癌、食道癌,而間接可引發的癌症包含頸癌、血癌(骨髓性白血病)、胃癌、肝癌、腎臟癌、胰臟癌、大腸癌、子宮頸癌等。屏基家庭醫學科主任林健良提醒年輕的癮君子們趁早戒菸,在臨床上多數戒菸者因罹患氣喘、慢性阻塞性肺病、中風…身體拉警報才來戒菸,對身體的傷害已然造成。

▲屏基舉辦戒菸門診分享記者會。(圖/記者范家豪)

家醫科主任林健良指出,許多人戒菸過程因為產生情緒暴躁、低落、菸癮難耐等戒斷症狀而導致戒菸失敗,藉助戒菸藥物可有效緩解戒斷症狀,讓病人度過戒菸最痛苦的前2個月,二代戒菸藥物現在政府都有補助,每次藥費部分負擔最多只收200元,有效提升戒菸成功率。林主任呼籲癮君子應善用多元戒菸服務資源,找戒菸門診的醫師協助,透過成癮度評估,訂定出適合自己的戒菸方法,事半功倍。

▲屏基護理副院長賈佩芳致詞。(圖/記者范家豪)

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