週三. 十月 16th, 2019

簡昜客語(南四縣) 百句認證句型

【記者廖金明/專欄報導】 本篇章可做[學習&複習)教材,客家鄉土語文研究工作室提供參考

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一、食:(15)◆華語●客語(南四縣,漢語拼音)
1.大家共下來去打鬥敘。
◆大家一起去聚餐。
●tai gaˊkiung ha loiˇ hi daˋdeu xi。
2.暗晡夜來吾屋家分[涯]請!
◆今晚到我家來吃飯!

●am  buˊia  loiˇ ngaˊ vugˋ kaˊ bunˊ ngaiˇ qiangˋ

3.恁[僭]菜喔!
◆好豐盛啊!
●anˋ cam  coi  ioˊ!
4.莫食忒多!
◆不要吃太多!
●mog siid tedˋdoˊ!
5.這尾魚仔蓋萋!
◆這條魚很新鮮!
●iaˋmiˊngˇngeˋgoi qiˊ!
6. [涯]嘴燥,想愛食茶。
◆我口渴,想喝茶。
●ngaiˇzoi zauˊ,xiongˋoi siid caˇ。
7.朝晨食飽了無?
◆你吃早餐了沒?
●zeuˊsiinˇsiid bauˋveˇ moˇ ?
8.十二點,好食晝了!
◆12點,可以吃午餐了!
●siib ngi diamˋ,hoˋ siid zu veˊ
9.食飽夜共下來去踔(亍)街仔好無?
◆晚餐後一起去逛街好嗎?
●siid bauˋia kiung ha loiˇhi gong giaiˊieˋhoˋmoˇ?
10.來去粄攤仔食點心!
◆到小吃店去吃點心!
●loiˊhi banˋdamˊmeˋ siid diamˋximˊ!
11.[涯]毋會肚飢!
◆我不餓!
●ngaiˇmˇvoi duˋgiˊ!
12.[涯]肚飢了!
◆我肚子餓了!
●ngaiˇduˋgiˊieˊ!
13.[涯]食飽了!
◆我吃飽了!
●ngaiˇsiid bauˋveˊ!
14.你愛食麼介?
◆你要吃什麼?
●ngˇoi siid magˋge?
15親採!
◆隨便!
●qin caiˊ!
———–
二、衣:(12) ◆華語●客語(南四縣)
1.這領裙蓋鬧。
◆這件裙子很漂亮。
●iaˋliangˊkiunˇgoi nau。
 2.這身衫褲蓋合身。
◆這套衣服很合身。
●iaˋsiinˊsamˊfu goi hab siinˊ。
3.外背日頭恁烈,出門愛記得戴帽仔。
◆外面太陽很大,出門要記得戴帽子。
●lo boi ngidˋteuˇanˋladˋ,cudˋ munˇoi gi dedˋdai mo veˋ
 4.落雨天愛擎遮仔。
◆下雨天要撐傘
●log iˋtienˊoi kiaˇzaˊveˋ。
5.著恁少,會寒無?
◆穿這麼少,會冷嗎?
●zogˋanˋseuˋ,voi honˇmoˇ?
6.今晡日蓋寒人,愛著加幾領衫。
◆今天很冷,要多穿一點衣服。
●gimˊbuˊngidˋgoi honˇnginˇ,oi zogˋgaˊgiˋliangˊsamˊ。
7.寒天著膨線衫蓋燒暖。
◆冬天穿毛衣很暖和。
●honˇtienˊzogˋpong xien samˊgoi seuˊnonˊ。
8.熱天蓋熱,著短袖仔就做得了!
◆夏天很熱,穿短袖就可以了。
●ngiad tienˊgoi ngiad,zogˋdonˋqiu veˋqiu zo dedˋleˊ!
9.有人客來,毋好打赤膊(無著衫)。
◆有客人在,不可以打赤膊。
●iuˊnginˇhagˋloiˇ,mˇhoˋdaˋcagˋbogˋ。
10.入來裡背,請脫鞋。
◆進入室內,請脫鞋。
●ngib loiˇ diˊ boi,qiangˋtodˋhaiˇ。
11.你今晡日著啊恁鬧,愛去食酒係無?
◆ 你今天穿得好漂亮,要去喝喜酒是嗎?
●ngˇgimˊbuˊngidˋzogˋga anˋnau,oi hi siid jiuˋhe moˇ?
12老妹揹書包去學校。
◆妹妹背書包去上學。
●loˋmoi baˇsuˊbauˊ hi hog gauˋ。
—————-.
三、住:(22) ◆華語●客語(南四縣)
1.好[亢]了! [足亢]加足部首
◆該起床了!
●hoˋhong eˊ!
2.遽啊去洗面、搓牙齒!
◆快去洗臉、刷牙!
●giagˋga hi seˋ mien、co ngaˇciiˋ!
3.[涯]愛睡當晝。.[涯]改人部首
◆我要睡午覺。
●ngaiˇoi soi dongˊzu。
4.恁夜了!好去睡目了!
◆很晚了,可以上床睡覺了!
●anˋia  veˊ!hoˋhi soi mugˋgeˊ!
5.將電火關忒!
◆把燈關掉!
●jiongˊtien foˋguanˊhedˋ!
6.麻煩你將電火扚著來好無?
◆麻煩你開燈好嗎?
●maˇfanˇngˇjiongˊtien foˋdiag cog loiˇ hoˋmoˇ?
7.食飯前愛先洗手。
◆飯前要洗手。
●siid fan qienˇoi xienˊseˋsuˋ。
8.食飽後愛湯嘴。
◆飯後要漱口。
●siid bauˋ heu oi tongˊzoi。
9. [涯]蓋出尿,想愛屙尿。
◆我尿急,想要小便。
●ngaiˇgoi cudˋngiau,xiongˋoi oˊngiau。
10.老妹在浴堂洗身。
◆妹妹在浴室洗澡。
●loˋmoi teˊiog tongˇseˋsiinˊ。
11.阿公在間肚裡休息。
◆祖父在房間裡休息。
●aˊgungˊteˊ gienˊduˋliˊhiuˊxidˋ。
12.老弟在廳下看電視。
◆弟弟在客廳看電視。
●loˋtaiˊteˊ tangˊhaˊkon tien sii。
13.阿姆在灶下煮飯。
◆媽媽在廚房煮飯。
●aˊmeˊteˊ zo haˊzuˋfan。
14.[涯]逐朝晨掃地泥。
◆我每天早上掃地。
●ngaiˇdagˋ zeuˊsiinˇso ti naiˇ。
15.你住奈裡啊?
◆你住哪裡?
●ngˇhed a naiˋ ieˊiaˇ?
16.有人在屋家無?
◆有人在家嗎?
●iuˊnginˇteˊ vugˋkaˊmoˊ?
17.阿爸無在屋家。
◆爸爸不在家。
●aˊbaˊmoˇteˊvugˋkaˊ。
18.阿姆毋曾歸來。
◆媽媽還沒回家。
●aˊmeˊmˇqienˇguiˊloiˇ。
19.正來聊!
◆再見!
●nang loiˇliau!
20.順行!有閒才來聊!
◆慢走!有空來玩!
●sun hangˇ!iuˊhanˇnang loiˇliau!、
21.今晡日放聊,毋使去學校。
◆今天放假,不必上學。
●ginˊbuˊngidˋbiong liau,mˇsiiˋhi hog gauˋ。
22.[涯]歸來了!
◆我回來了!
●ngaiˇguiˊloiˇ ieˊ !
—————.
四、行:(14) ◆華語●客語(南四縣)
1.你愛去哪啊?
◆你要去哪裡?
●ngˇoi hi nai iaˇ?
2.請等一下! 涯會搶(共)快過來!
◆請稍等!我馬上過來!
●qiangˋdenˋidˋha!ngaiˇvoi qiong(kiung) kuai go loiˇ!
3.你遲到了!
◆你遲到了!
●ngˇciiˇ do veˊ!
4.遽啊!會赴毋著了!
◆快點!快來不及了!
●giagˋgaˋ!voi fu mˇdoˋveˊ!
5.駛車仔愛細義!
◆開車要小心!
●siiˋcaˊveˋoi se ngi!
6.坐計程車毋使愁停車問題。
◆叫計程車不必煩惱停車問題。
●coˊgie cangˇcaˊmˇsiiˋseuˇtinˇcaˊmun tiˇ。
7.[涯]每日騎腳踏車上班。
◆我每天騎腳踏車上班。
●ngaiˇmiˊngidˋkiˇgiogˋtab caˊsongˊbanˊ 。
8.騎機車愛戴安全帽。
◆騎機車要戴安全帽。
●kiˇoˇdo baiˋoi dai onˊqionˇmo。
9.老人家坐公車毋使錢。
◆老人搭公車免費。
loˋnginˇgaˊcoˊgungˊcaˊmˇsiiˋqienˇ。
10.坐捷運做毋得食東西。
◆搭捷運不可以吃東西。
●coˊqiab iun zo mˇdedˋsiid dungˊxiˊ。
11.坐火車愛先打單。
◆搭火車要先買票。
●coˊfoˋcaˊoi xienˊdaˋdanˊ。
12.請問高鐵車頭對奈裡去?
◆請問高鐵車站怎麼走?
●qiangˋmun goˊtiedˋcaˊteuˇdui naiˋieˊhi?
13.坐飛行機過遽。
◆搭飛機比較快。
●coˊbiˊiangˇgiˊgo giagˋ。
14.轉擺一下!
◆休息一下!
●zonˋbaiˋ idˋha !
 —————–.
五、其他:(36) ◆華語●客語(南四縣)
1.恁久無看到!
◆好久不見!
●anˋgiuˋmoˇkon doˋ!
2.恁早!
◆早安!
●anˋzoˋ!
3.食飽了無?
◆吃飽飯了嗎?(問候語)
●siid bauˋveˇmoˇ?
4.恁久好無?
◆最近好嗎?
○anˋgiuˋhoˋmoˇ?
5.多謝!
◆謝謝你!
●doˊ qia !
6.毋使細義!
◆不客氣!
●mˇsiiˋse ngi!
7.失禮!
◆對不起!
●siidˋliˊ!
8.壞勢!
◆不好意思!
●faiˋse!
9.無要緊!
◆沒關係!
●moˇieu ginˋ!
10.拜託你!
◆拜託你!
●bai togˋngˇ!
11.請問大名?
◆請問貴姓?
●qiangˋmun tai miangˇ?
12.[涯]姓黃,安到大民。
◆我姓黃,名叫大民。
●ngaiˇxiang vongˇ,onˊdoˊ tai minˇ。
13.有無?
◆有沒有?
●iuˊmoˇ?
14.[涯]毋知。
◆我不知道。
●ngaiˇmˇdiˊ。
15.係毋係?
◆是不是?
●he mˇme?
16.係無?
◆是嗎?
●he moˇ?
17.做得無?
◆可以嗎?
●zo dedˋmoˇ?
18.做毋得!
◆不可以!
●zo mˇdedˋ!
19.你曉得無?
◆你會不會?
●ngˇhiauˋdedˋmoˇ?
20.無問題!
◆沒問題!
●moˇmun tiˇ!
21.你識佢無?
◆你認識他嗎?
●ngˇsiidˋgiˇmoˇ?
22.涯毋識佢。
◆我不認識他。
●ngaiˇmˇsiidˋgiˇ。
23.新年快樂!
◆新年快樂!
●xinˊngianˇkuai log!
24.恭喜發財!
◆恭喜發財!
●giungˊhiˋfadˋcoiˇ!
25.生日快樂!
◆生日快樂!
●sangˊngidˋkuai log!
26.身體康健!萬事如意!
◆身體健康!萬事如意!
●siinˊtiˋkongˊkien!van sii iˇi!
27.恁得人惜喔!
◆好可愛喔!
●anˋdedˋnginˇxiagˋgoˊ!
28.蓋得人惱喔!
◆好討厭喔!
●goi dedˋnginˇnauˊvoˊ!
29.你蓋會喲!
◆你好棒啊!
●ngˇgoi voi ioˊ!
30.奈有啊!無影啦!
◆哪裡!哪裡!
●nai iuˊvaˇ!moˇiangˋlaˋ!
31.[涯]愛你!
◆我愛你!
●ngaiˇoi ngiˇ!
32.佢發譴了!
◆他生氣了!
●giˇfadˋkienˋneˊ!
33.涯蓋[緣](痶)!
◆我好累!
●ngaiˇgoi [kioi](tiamˋ)!
34涯蓋暢!
◆我好高興!
●ngaiˇgoi tiong!
35.厥(其)老公蓋緣投!
◆她的丈夫很英俊!
●giaˊ(iaˊ)loˋgungˊgoi ianˇdauˇ!
36.若(惹)姐仔蓋靚!
◆你的太太很漂亮!
●naˊ(ngiaˊ)jiaˋveˋgoi jiangˊ!
========

[e]韻母係用實體字(個,的,介,地,了,得,仔]才有[文義],[a]韻母用虛字(啊,也,抑)&[o]韻母用虛字(噢)→[語意]
====聯音字語,聲母[V,L,I,M,N,NG,G,B]&韻母[A,E,O]組合成各有九音,係客家白話美妙的語言,=====

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